Autism Colour Article

Visual experience

Colour is believed to be the most important visual experience for human beings. Colour influences peoples attitude, grabs attention, evokes feelings and can be very effective in learning and educational settings.
For instance ‘Serendipity’ by Dulux Signature appears eye catching on the dining room wall. ‘0469 Déjà Vu’ by Colortrend, creates a soothing feeling used in studies.
0844 Yolk’ by Colortrend works well on the memo wall at home or in the office.

Serendipity

’Serendipity’

Yolk 0844

’Yolk 0844’

Déjà vu 0469

‘Déjà vu 0469’

Cultural preferences

How we make our colour choices depends of our cultural heritage, preferences, taste, mood, time of life, family members etc. There are an endless number of subjective factors.
The findings (please see references of websites below) strongly suggest that our perception of color is controlled much more by our brains than by our eyes.
These experiments (references below) show that color is defined by our individual experience in the world, and since we all share the same world, we arrive at the same definition of colors.

Colour perception

The evidence suggests that colour perception is almost like a reflex; an inherited understanding, not one that is learned. Due to structural abnormalities in the brain autistic people
often have difficulty processing and integrating sensory information including visual information. People with autism often detect colours with higher intensity.
They are more sensitive to their surrounding so the world appears extraordinarily sharp to them. For example individuals with autism have been noted to only eat white
foods or to never play with toys of a certain color.

Earthy Colours

In order to avoid strong visual stimuli it is important to opt for subdued, muted, broken colours. It is not advisable to go for pure, vivid and acidic colours.
Earthy colours are probably the most suitable. They not only help to create a restful atmosphere but they work far better with the Irish light. Therefore it is a
good idea to look at a palette derived from nature which our eyes are conditioned to see. Go for more broken colours dirty-whites, mauves, olive greens, blue-greys, burnt oranges.

If there is luminous colour that is admired greatly by a person and you must use it in order to facilitate personal likes, do so, but use it on a chair, a piece of furniture
or a picture frame. Alternatively you can go for a more saturated version of a colour.

Basic manoeuvres

Make sure that all your colours will blend from one to another. Sidestep coordination as this can appear soulless. Go for “lived-in elegance”. Use the same type of thought
process as to create a painting, to put together an outfit or to prepare a 5 course meal. Each step has to be thought out in order to come together as a whole.

Picture your house as a painting, an outfit or a dinner; it has to work as one. This means that you should try to use a similar rhythm of colour to keep the same look.
First of all think if the colour suits the room and then ask if it links in with the rest?

The trick is not to forget to view the house as a whole this will give a more balanced scheme. Have one theme going through the house, one palette of colors,
but vary the darkness and lightness of the colour. Give each room its own character. Make sure not to overuse a particular colour as this can result in a bland scheme.
Ask yourself, what is the function of the room, what is it used for and more importantly who is using the room?

Deeper hues give a sense of calm, keep us grounded. Sometimes pale colours can look drab, washed out and lifeless. It is hard to go wrong with earthy hues because
of their gentle appearance.

You may use stronger and bolder hues to define space, e.g. dining room areas, kitchen, and hallways. Colour can aid in navigation from one area to the other.
Colour can help to lead the way or perhaps paint a ceiling if somebody is spending more time in bed.

Colour

It is not that the colours themselves have a meaning; it is that we have culturally assigned meanings to them. Colour perception varies among different cultures
and even within one culture- for instance Valentine Day’s and ‘Stop!’ signs. Many cultural differences exist on perceived color personality, meaning, and preference.
Lighting is another element to consider as it influences colour. Autistic people can have increased light sensitivity and in some cases severe sensitivity to
fluorescent lighting and flashing light. Incandescent light is the preferred option.

Green

Green is a nourishing colour that gives a sense of stability and endurance. Green is the great balancer of the heart and the emotions. Green’s appearance is relaxing;
it soothes us physically and therefore cools the blood. Memorise the serene feeling after a walk into park? This brings harmony to the body, animates the nerves and creates
symmetry between the head and heart.

This can be especially true for people with autism who seem to be more affected by their environments than neurotypical people.

Green is also the color of growth, the color of spring, of renewal and rebirth. Green is a rejuvenating color and is often described as a natural peacemaker due to its many
associations with relaxing aspects of nature that our eyes are accustomed to see. Green is a colour of Islam, which literally means “Peace” and is often used on front doors.

Green interiors form a tranquil atmosphere where you are connecting with nature by bringing the outside in. It is hard to go wrong with green; be it a bathroom, office,
dental surgery, or school. Green has got a wide field of areas within which it can be integrated.

Mid Fennel

‘Mid Fennel’ by Dulux Signature, this is a light yellow-green.

Cooking Apple Green no.32

‘Cooking Apple Green no.32’ by Farrow and Ball, this is a fresh spring green.

0395 Crack Willow

‘0395 Crack Willow’ by Colortrend, this is a rich and warm olive green.

Yellow

Yellow is a glory hunter, it is bubbly, happy, energising and inspirational. Yellow inspires original thought and inquisitiveness. The color yellow loves a challenge, particularly a mental challenge.

We know that colours motivate people to learn and they profit from educational experiences. This applies especially to the autistic as they are generally considered visual learners and benefit significantly from visual reinforcement, visual cues. With the use of colour in the intervention, it can help them to follow and understand the learning program better.

Yellow is a colour for focus, use it in offices, studies and play areas. It is best to stay clear from intense yellows as they can be too stimulating. Or use it in small portions shelving, picture frames.

0883 Follow The Leader

‘0883 Follow The Leader’ by Colortrend. This is a pale ochre, ochre is one of oldest pigments found in nature, great all around colour

Mid Bumble

‘Mid Bumble’ by Dulux Signature is a creamy yellow not unlike Kerry butter

Babouche no.223

‘Babouche no.223’ by Farrow and Ball, this is a bright yellow, invigorating, cheerful. The name sounds similar to ‘Babushka’ which means grandmother in Russian.

Red

Red is a high impact colour that has dual meanings within our culture, where it is associated with both love and war. It can evoke feelings of anger, romance (think of Valentine’s Day)
while also alerts to caution (think of ‘Stop!’ signs).

Red is energetic, uplifting and plays an important role in making information more alluring. Red is considered to be a colour of wisdom in colour psychology. Red is a colour to be used sparingly
in order to achieve a harmonious feeling. Red, being an attention seeker, is used in colour semantics (references below) to answer the question ‘where’? Use red as a statement colour on an entrance wall,
a dining room wall, a memo wall. Red is a wonderful accent colour that can be incorporated on chairs, a desk or on a single door.

Couture

‘Couture’ by Dulux Signature, this is an earthy red-brown that reminds of red wine colour.

1081 Endless Possibilities

‘1081 Endless Possibilities’ by Colortrend,this is an orange-red, wonderful accent colour.

Blazer no.212

‘Blazer no.212’ by Farrow and Ball, this is a bright red that is reminiscent of strawberries.

Orange

Orange is an uplifting colour; it is supposed to stimulate mental activity and helps to control emotions. The colour orange relates to social communication, stimulating two way conversations.
A warm and inviting color, it is both physically and mentally stimulating, so it gets people thinking and talking.

Use this in social areas such as a dining room, a sitting room, a kitchen, a canteen. Orange evokes positive feelings.

Looking for inspiration in selecting the perfect orange; think of all the orange hue that you see in the nature: mandarin, grapefruit, pumpkin, coral, peach, tangerine, butternut squash,
sunrise, poppy leaves, buff, apricot nectar, cadmium yellow, dark cheddar- the list is endless.

0988 Moms Apple Pie

0988 Mom’s Apple Pie’ by Colortrend is a warm earthy orange, marvelous kitchen colour.

1023 Mellow Glow

‘1023 Mellow Glow’ by Colortrend is a coral, current colour de jour

Eastern Spice no.1

‘Eastern Spice no.1’ by Dulux. This is a rich burnt orange works well with an off-white skirting, spice up your living room.

Purple

Purple is a colour of the visionary, creative mind. It offers a sense of spiritual fulfillment – it expands our awareness, connecting us to a higher consciousness.
Being ourselves and not letting ill thoughts to occupy our mind, a feeling of being in our natural flow. This is the so called ‘union of body and soul’ creating a balance between our physical and our spiritual energies.
Purple is a colour of a strong mind.

In the search for inspiration think of: heathers in the mountains, mauves, aubergine, violets, lavender, blueberries, red onions, amethyst, dahlia, phlox.

Dark purples can appear extravagant, bright purples boost imagination; pale purples calm the mind and nerves. Change the hue and the meaning of a colour is automatically changed as well as the mood of the scheme.
Purple is considered to be a healing colour. Use it in bedrooms to get comforting good nights sleep. Purple awakes nostalgic and romantic feelings and is also a commonly favoured colour among kids.
Purple works especially well in hallways with wooden floorings or pine staircase. Give a glamorous vibe to dining rooms by painting it purple. Purple suits therapy rooms, salons and play areas.

Pure Sync

‘Pure Sync’ by Dulux Signature is an earthy purple, great hallway colour.

1198 Heather Feather

‘1198 Heather Feather’ by Colortrend. This is a fresh purple perfect for child’s bedroom.
‘1317 Dusky Mood’ by Colortrend. This is a muted grey-purple.

Pink

Pink is affectionate, thoughtful and loving; it is a colour of hope. Pink helps to create a relaxed, pleasant and soothing atmosphere. Dusky pinks ooze sophistication; pale powdery pinks appear fresh and airy.
Take caution not to over use pink in may have a negative meaning. Too much pink in a one scheme gives an appearance of being too sweet, naïve and guileless. Include other colours to your scheme as
this will add depth and poise to the finished look. Pink would suit bedrooms, hallways, waiting rooms, kitchens, back entrances.

Recapture thoughts of the following: candy floss, radish, dusty rose, powder pink, blush, flamingo pink.

Setting Plaster no.231

‘Setting Plaster no.231’ by Farrow and Ball. This is a dusky pink; go for this if you desire a sophisticated feel. Works well in reception areas, hallways and bedrooms.

Russian Doll

‘Russian Doll’ by Dulux Signature. This is an intense pink for an instant boost of a mood. Use this as an accent colour on a ceiling or skirting board or a desk.

1071 Cloud Number Nine

‘1071 Cloud Number Nine’ by Colortrend.
This is a wonderful meet and greet colour. Put in your utility as it is often the main entrance or a bathroom. This is a warm, fresh and airy pink.
It will add some flavor and the washing machine will look more charming against pink, as if it got a ‘friend’. By using this colour in unusual places you are increasing its refines.

Blue

The colour blue exhibits an inner security and confidence. It is soothing, promoting both physical and mental relaxation, stress-reducing and inspirational colour. It relies on intuition rather than gut feeling.
It is good in bedrooms, hobby rooms, reading areas, thinking corners. Blue is a quiet, reserved and sincere colour. It does not draw attention. Blue rooms ooze stability, a sense of freedom, calm and order.
Think of clear blue skies. Blue is meant to slow metabolism.

Dark blue is a dignified, good hue to be used on ceilings as it is associated with deep thought. It promotes deep concentration during times of introspection and meditation (wonderful before falling asleep)
helping you achieve deeper levels of consciousness.

In a search for the perfect blue recall memories of the following hues: Hawaiian Oceanic, stone blue, smoke blue, eggshell blue, morning mist, petrol, forget-me-nots, and summer sky.

Blue Diamond no.5

‘Blue Diamond no.5’ by Dulux, helps with clear thinking and decision-making. It assists in the development of organizational and management skills. It influences rather than preaches or demands.

0482 Powder Blue

‘0482 Powder Blue’ by Colortrend is a fresh turquoise color that creates a tranquil atmosphere, turquoise recharges our spirits during times of mental stress and tiredness.

Petrol

‘Petrol’ by Colortrend, this is a warm blue-green.

Typography

‘Typography’ by Dulux Signature is a deep indigo blue, reminiscent of ink. Indigo conveys integrity and deep sincerity. It is the colour of intuition and perception and is helpful in opening the third eye.
Our inner eye is known to us from esoteric and mystical concepts.

Brown

Browns are considered as serious, down-to-earth colours signifying stability, structure and support. They give a sense of being grounded, safe and secure. Think of leaves, sienna, sepia, umber, camel,
cocoa, coffee, fawn, bark, mushroom, warm sand, pebble. In the meaning of colours, brown is the color of material security and the accumulation of material possessions. Browns help us to stay grounded with both
feet planted firmly on the ground.
Brown is a reliable, honest and sincere. Browns are easy to use in interiors but you must make sure to light them up with plenty of accent colours otherwise brown becomes dull and dreary. Brown, being neutral,
will work well with
any accent colour and suits most areas.

0274 Polished Marble


‘0274 Polished Marble’ by Colortrend is a classic beige-brown that recalls memories of marzipan hue.

London Stone no.6


‘London Stone no.6’ by Farrow and Ball reminds of a cappuccino colour.

0162 Apple Pie


‘0162 Apple Pie’ by Colortrend is a red-base brown, welcoming Autumnal hue.

Pure Soba


‘Pure Soba’ by Dulux Signature is a warm biscuit brown.

White

White is a perfect colour for focus. It helps to clear the mind from unnecessary clutter and isn’t stimulating to the senses. It creates a sense of order and efficiency, a great companion if you need to eliminate chaos.
White is the color for new beginnings, a new page, a fresh start, a color of protection and encouragement. It offers a sense of peace and calm, comfort and hope, helping to ease emotional upsets.

White provides an inner cleansing and purifying of your thoughts, emotions and, ultimately, your spirit. It can refresh and strengthen your entire energy system. This is why it is traditionally worn by western brides
and the reason why doctors wear white jackets. White awakens openness, growth and imagination. It is the untouched canvas waiting to be painted upon. White is ideal in a creative hub, art studio, gallery, office, study,
workroom. White is versatile and works well almost anywhere. In bedrooms, however, it may be too bright.

Pure white interiors are totally reflective as white amplifies everything in its way. Pure brilliant white is very stimulating on the eye and perhaps one should go for more of broken whites, dirty whites. They are
softer and do not appear as luminous. Think of angora, bone white or parchment hue.

0223 White Elephant


‘0223 White Elephant’ by Colortend is a dirty white which reminds one of the colour of bone. It is a great all around colour.

Mid Chai


‘Mid Chai’ by Dulux Signature, this is a warm white without being too yellow.

Subtle Beryl


‘Subtle Beryl’by Dulux Signature is a pale grey white.

Black

Black is a serious colour which adds definition. It is associated with formality, power and elegance. It is often thought of as a colour of style and sophistication. Too much black in a scheme can appear depressing.
Black is a clever accent colour against which almost everything looks great. Pure black is hardly seen in a nature it is best to go for more off-blacks, for example think of blackberry, blackcurrant, and black beans.

0536 Subway


‘0536 Subway’ by Colortrend, this is a grey-black.

Off Black no.57


‘Off-Black no.57’ by Farrow and Ball, this is close to pure black but not as severe.
Black is good for tables, chairs or some other furniture in the room.

Gold

Gold evokes the feeling of prestige (‘gold card’), wisdom (‘golden age’) and perfection (‘golden rule’), triumph (‘gold medal’). Compared to silver which is identified with feminine energy and the sensitivity of the moon,
gold is masculine as it is correlated with sun. Sunshine lifts our spirits accelerates our energy levels, hence gold is often linked with enlightenment, high ideals and knowledge.

Gold often symbolizes high quality, success, achievement and wealth. Therefore golden environments are optimistic, positive and pleasant. Gold adds warmth and richness; it illuminates and enhances other things around it.
Go for more brown gold or green gold as they are earthy. Bypass yellow gold this can be too blazing. For a perfect gold, have a look at wallpapers. Gold can be used on small dozes on the radiators to reflect the heat and
on the doors, skirting board, and architrave. Gold, being a spiritual colour, inspiring a deep understanding of self and the soul, it will suit bedrooms, sitting rooms, hallways.

0388 Shiny Gold


‘0388 Shiny Gold’ by Colortrend is a green-gold, a compassionate, loving colour, a generous and giving colour.

Silence is Golden


‘0891 Silence is Golden’ by Colortrend is a brown-gold.

SupaDec Gold Spraypaint


‘SupaDec Gold Spraypaint’ this is a reflective spray paint for use on chairs, doors, mirrors.

Conclusion

Purples, pinks, orange, greens and blues have qualities that suit autistic people and tend to attract the eye. But this does not mean you cannot use other colours. You can and you should vary the saturation,
chroma and intensity of the hue. It is equally important to imagine what we would like our homes, businesses to be and visualise the desired look and ask ourselves can we live with it; are we comfortable?

It is similar thinking as when choosing an outfit to wear. We must feel comfortable in our surroundings and the environment should be aesthetically pleasing. Remember the neural memories and associations of a
colour will vary with each individual as our brain neural wiring is unique (every person’s brain is wired differently please see reference to the website below). Allow yourself sufficient time for your ideas to
evolve as the color selection is a thought process.

Indulge in the language of colour,

Kadri

In-store designer,
Pat McDonnell Paints Tralee Branch

Email: kadri@mcdonnellpaints.ie

References:

Pat McDonnell Paints always recommend the application of a sample prior to a final decision on any colour.

There are a number of factors which can substantially influence how a colour looks on a chip card/computer screen & how it will look in a room setting. e.g the quality of a camera image,
quality of the computer screen, the lighting in the room etc.

2017-08-25T12:04:02+00:00